Rabu, 21 September 2011

Breast Cancer Prevention

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the breast tissue. Cancer can begin to grow in the milk glands, milk ducts, fatty tissue and connective tissue in the breast.


Cause

The cause is unknown, but there are some risk factors that cause a woman to be more likely to suffer from breast cancer.


Risk Factors

Some of the factors that influence risk are:

  1. Age. About 60% of breast cancers occur in over 60 years. The greatest risk found in women aged over 75 years.

  2. Ever had breast cancer. After the affected breast removed, then the risk of breast cancer in a healthy increase of 0.5-1% / year.

  3. Family history of breast cancer. Women who are mothers, sisters or children suffering from cancer, had a three times greater risk for breast cancer.

  4. Genetic and hormonal factors.

  5. Had suffered from non-cancerous breast disease.

  6. Menarche (first menstruation) before age 12 years, menopause after age 55 years, first pregnancy after age 30 years or had never been pregnant.

  7. Use of birth control pills or estrogen replacement therapy.

  8. Obesity after menopause.

  9. The use of alcohol.

  10. The use of alcohol more than 1-2 cups / day can increase the risk of breast cancer.

  11. Chemicals. Several studies have mentioned the chemical exposure that mimic estrogen (which is contained in pesticides and other industrial products) may increase the risk of breast cancer.

  12. DES (diethylstilbestrol). Women who took DES to prevent miscarriage have a higher risk of breast cancer.

  13. Irradiation.



Symptoms and Signs

Early symptoms include a lump usually feels different from surrounding breast tissue, painless and usually have an irregular edge. In the early stages, when driven by a finger, a lump can be moved easily under the skin. In later stages, the lump usually adheres to the chest wall or skin around it. In advanced cancer, can form a swollen lump or breast skin ulcers. Sometimes the skin over the lump shrank and looked like an orange peel.

Other symptoms that may be found a lump or mass in the armpit, change size or shape of the breast, an abnormal discharge from the nipple (usually bloody or yellow to green, may also be pus), change in color or texture of the skin on the breast, nipples and areola (dark brown colored area around the nipple), breast looks red, the skin around the nipple scaly nipple interested in or feel itching, breast tenderness or swelling of one breast. At an advanced stage may develop bone pain, weight loss, swelling of arms or ulcerated skin.


Prevention

Many risk factors can not be controlled. Some diet experts and oncologists believe that changes in diet and lifestyle in general can reduce the incidence of cancer. Endeavored to make early diagnosis of breast cancer easier to treat and can disembuhan if still at an early stage. Be aware, clinical breast examination and mammography as a screening procedure is 3 tools to detect cancer early.


Management

Treatment usually begins after a thorough assessment of the condition of the patient, which is about a week or more after the biopsy. Treatment consists of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormone inhibitors.

Radiation therapy is used to kill cancer cells in the removal of the tumor and the surrounding area, including the lymph nodes.


Chemotherapy (a combination of drugs to kill cells that multiply quickly or pressing breeding) and drug-hormone inhibitors (drugs that affect the hormones that promote the growth of cancer cells) are used to suppress the growth of cancer cells throughout the body.

Selasa, 20 September 2011

13 Reasons Why Baby Refuses to Suckle

If Refusing milk, probably caused by:



1] Less healthy.

Conditions that are less healthy baby's body can make a baby with a good hard suck, so get a little milk. Finally baby is so tired or frustrated, and refused to suckle.



2] Morbidity.

Infants who suffered bruises as a result of birth with the tools (eg: vacuum) may refuse to breastfeed if the bruise is squashed every time he feeds.



3] Stuffy nose.

Babies with clogged nose (for colds) may refuse to breastfeed because of difficulty breathing.



4] Sprue.

Babies who are canker sores, or infected with the fungus Candida mouth may just want to suck a few times during feeding, then stopped and cried.



5] Who's teething.

Babies who are teething gums may feel pain, or excessive saliva, or a slight fever, so it refused to breastfeed because they feel uncomfortable.



6] Drowsiness.

Babies who are affected sedative (narcotic) drugs may refuse breastfeeding because of drowsiness.



7] Confused nipple.

Infants fed milk bottle or a pacifier too early (before 2 weeks) may refuse to breastfeed because of the difficulty to master the technique breast sucking - which is very different from sucking on a pacifier.



8] Not able to `take 'enough milk to meet their needs.

Babies who have not mastered the technique may only be able to suckle milk sucking a bit so have to spend extra energy to suck longer or deeper. As a result he became tired or frustrated, then refused to suckle.



9] Want to 'fight' an unpleasant treatment.

If the mother or caregiver is less mastered the techniques to adjust the position of the baby during feeding, the baby could have been treated harshly or harmed. In an effort to `fight ', he refused to suckle.



10] Impaired suckle.

If the mother is often holding or shaking the breast while nursing, the position of the baby's mouth to the breast could be disrupted. As a result, infants felt uncomfortable and refused to suckle.



11] Restricted breastfeeding schedule.

If the mother is breastfeeding only at certain hours and not according to desire a baby, the baby could be frustrated due to hunger and even refused to suckle.



12] Iterrupted bursts of milk.

Milk flow is too fast and heavy when the baby starts sucking can make a baby to choke. If it occurs repeatedly during the feeding, the baby may become frustrated and refuse to suckle.



13] Feeling disturbed by a change.

Infants 3-12 months of age are easily distracted by a variety of changes: split with her mother, there is a new nanny, moving house, the arrival guests, her mother's illness (or are menstruating), infected breast, the smell of mother's body changes, etc.. When a change is felt disturbing, the baby may not cry but directly `strike 'suckle.



Try to check the reasons the reasons above, which one best suits your condition and your baby. But it is clear, keep trying, and give peace to yourself, because the anxious mother will also affect her baby, may well also ask the child to play first.



On how to facilitate the production of milk. actually the main way to continue to give milk, because of the rare benefits of breastfeeding then milk production will decrease, then if the baby does not want breast milk should remain at the pump exit. Many pregnant women about food suggest that eating the leaves or fruit katuk captured young papaya milk will increase, and certainly should be coupled with other nutritious foods.

Baby Cow Milk Allergy

Each person can have allergies to cow's milk, but this case is more found in infants. The latest statistics concluded that about 2-3% of babies have an allergy to the protein contained in cow's milk, which incidentally is the basic ingredient almost the entire formula. But the good news, the average allergy will disappear with age of the baby.



If you suspect your baby has a cow milk allergy, talk with your doctor about the type of inspection should be done and alternatives to milk formula. But there is no harm if we slightly peeling the basics of health problems on this one ...



How do Allergies Happen Process



Cow's milk allergy occurs when the immune system (immune system) the body of the baby wrong in judging, so he thought cow's milk is something that is dangerous and he reacted against it. This eventually triggers an allergic reaction, which causes the baby fussy, restless, and incurred other allergic symptoms.



Oh yes, almost all infants who are allergic to cow's milk were also allergic to milk goats and sheep. Another fraction also was allergic to the protein contained in soy milk.



Statistics also show that babies who receive exclusive breastfeeding has the risk of cow's milk allergy are lower than those who consumed milk with formula. Experts believe that the disorder is associated with hereditary and usually it will disappear after your baby aged 3-5 years.



Cow Milk Allergy Symptoms



Cow's milk allergy symptoms usually begin to appear in the first few months of age the baby. These symptoms can occur immediately after drinking cow's milk, or it could be up to 7-10 days later. The latter is more common.



Among the symptoms that occur after 7-10 days is:



  1. Liquid stool, is likely to contain blood

  2. Gag

  3. Nervous

  4. Rash or red spots on skin



Usually are more difficult to detect, because almost the same as the symptoms of other medical disorders.



In allergies that arise directly as a baby to drink cow's milk, symptoms include:



  1. Nervous

  2. Gag

  3. Swelling

  4. Breath whistled

  5. Itching and red rash on the skin

  6. Diarrhea accompanied by blood



Diagnosing Cow's Milk Allergy



If you suspect an allergy to cow's milk to your baby, then immediately contact your doctor. He'll ask about the existence of these disorders in your family, and finally perform a direct examination. Usually also will be some kind of lab tests, including involving the examination of stool, blood, and may be incorporated small amounts of cow's milk under the skin of the baby.



Sometimes the doctor will ask you to stop the consumption of cow's milk during the first week, then after that your baby will be asked to drink it while seen whether there is a reaction afterwards.



If you suspect an allergy to cow's milk to your baby, then immediately contact your doctor. He'll ask about the existence of these disorders in your family, and finally perform a direct examination. Usually also will be some kind of lab tests, including involving the examination of stool, blood, and may be incorporated small amounts of cow's milk under the skin of the baby.



How to Overcome It



If your baby is shown to have cow's milk allergy and you feed him, so it is important for you the mother to limit consumption of all products made from cow's milk, because cow's milk proteins can be channeled through your breast milk.



If your baby is drinking formula milk, your doctor may ask you to switch to formula milk made from soybeans. If your baby is also allergic to soy, it can try to milk formula hipalergenik, where the protein is broken down into particles, so it no longer can cause allergies. Once you switch to safe infant formula, cow's milk allergy symptoms usually disappear within 2-4 weeks. 
 
Source: ww.tipsbayi.com

Infant Health Risks Caesarean

If a baby can be born naturally, why should disesar? Apparently, cesarean born babies more at risk of various health problems than babies born normally. What are the disorders that? Dr.Erick Francisco Kan, M. Med, Sp.A of Siloam Hospital Karawaci disclose it.



1. Respiratory Disorders



TTNB (Transient tachypnea of ​​the New Born) is a respiratory disorder that most often occurs in infants feared fault. These disorders occur as a result of fluid that meets the fetal

lungs while in utero do not remember the baby's fault compressed live "thank so". In fact, vaginal childbirth through the birth canal is what allows the fluid that meets during the fetal lungs is pumped up out of the womb.



In addition, the compression process also occurs due to periodic contractions of the mother's womb. Contractions are getting stronger in the long run this will push the baby's body, so the automatic fluid in his lungs come out. Well, the baby's fault, both the compression process did not happen perfectly.



2. Low immune system



Data based on evidance base did not exist. But in the process of normal labor, the baby moves from the almost sterile womb to the outside environment through a process that lasts longer and involves a contraction for hours. At birth too, not the baby's mouth closed so many germs that enter into the mouth, even to the digestion. Impact, the baby has a natural contact with the microbial floral in the birth mother who then colonize the gut. It is very influential in the development and maturation of the immune system.



3. Prone to allergies



Both of the conditions of "dirty" in the birth canal that do not pass the baby born by cesarean, or delays in breastfeeding as soon as possible, making the risk of allergies in infants higher. Not to mention the exposure to antibiotics is usually given to infants as a step fault in case of possible infection, also increase the risk of allergies.



4. Emotions tend to be fragile



Although not yet proven through scientific research, the psychological condition of infants suspected faults tend to be more fragile than babies born normally. In fact, infants of normal birth are faced with the uncomfortable conditions in which he must pass through the birth canal is narrow and winding with intense pressure due to uterine contractions. The struggle is what is believed to mentally train your child early on. Perhaps this factor contributes to the distinctive personality of the child later.



However, given parents' parenting and how the environment influences proved to be more involved gives color to whether a person more resilient or not when faced with life's stresses.



5. Influenced anesthesia



This condition may occur. Therefore, his medical team consisting of doctors in obstetrics and gynecology, pediatricians and anesthetists must count as carefully as possible so that the effect of anesthesia on the infant as little as possible. To that end, general anesthetic used is a low dose spinal anesthesia. The use of general anesthesia makes the baby looked a little sleepy because it was issued while still under the influence of anesthesia.



6. Minimal chance of IMD



Cesarean babies have less chance to undergo the IMD aka initiation of early breastfeeding. This is because the baby's condition cesarean birth is different from the normal condition that can be directly attached to its mother's breast with a reflex that is strong enough to reach the mother's breast. While the cesarean delivery, it can not be done because the baby is usually directly attached to an IV and an oxygen tube to help breathing. The mother was generally still in a state of "intoxicated" under the influence of anesthetic drugs.



Source:

www.kompas.com

Senin, 19 September 2011

Five Tips for Successful Breastfeeding

Give exclusive breastfeeding is the desire of all pregnant women for his beloved baby. Not infrequently Moms trying desperately katuk eating leaves, drinking milk, to drink milk in order to supplement enhancer later postpartum milk abound.



However, not a few of the Pregnant women who were seized with fear when later the tiny infant can not breast-fed in a "perfect" because breast milk not go out or less. In fact, feeling less confident this can be "settled" if the husband and other family members did not provide support.



Well, so it did not happen it's good if the candidate Moms know what should be done so that exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months can succeed.



Initiate breastfeeding correctly



Strengthen the intention! Understand the reasons why it should continue to breastfeed. Convince yourself and the environment against its benefits, especially for the health of moms and babies, as well as keeping mothers and infants, although mothers should work. Round determination! His father and mother should be one word. Then believe in yourself? By following the education or looking for information that in truth, and find or form a support to breastfeed exclusively. Establish a commitment, that only breastmilk only the best nutrition for babies 0-6 months, and after your baby is older than 6 months still give milk without other milk mixture and add the homemade Complementary feeding.



Think Positive!



Such negative thinking is not enough milk, give milk or bother to change the appearance should be discarded because it often causes breast-feeding process does not succeed. To produce the milk needed joint working between hormones and reflexes.



Babies will not be getting enough milk if only rely on the formation of reflex milk (prolactin) only. That requires reflex oxytocin - a hormone that stimulates the muscles to contract so the milk line milk in the mammary gland can go out to the end of the line - and this greatly influenced your thoughts and feelings of the mother. So, when Moms always think negative about breastfeeding or emotional condition declined, the milk can actually spending completely inhibited. Because milk production is more influenced by psychological conditions Moms.



Prepare For Pregnancy



Breastfeeding Preparation begins during pregnancy by breast massage from entering the age of 7 months of pregnancy. Thus, the glands in the breast have started to be stimulated to produce milk and if there is a problem with nipples, nipples that are not prominent example (drawn into the / sink) can be addressed immediately. Because if this problem is not resolved until the baby is born will influence the success of breastfeeding in the first days of the baby. The baby will suck milk difficulties. Eat nutritious foods, especially green vegetables, like leaves katuk. In addition, drink, be water, milk, fruit juice. Or it could be breast enhancer supplements, must be consulted first with the doctor kandugan Moms.



Moms who have to remember, the number of milk production is not determined by the shape and size of a woman's breasts. Opinion that small breasts will produce less milk is wrong.



Finding Information



Referring to the theory of GJ Ebrahim (1978) in his book "Breastfeeding - the Biological Option", he wrote that there are some emotional and social factors that affect successful breastfeeding. One factor that may

mentioned include advice and experiences during pregnancy and childbirth. Therefore important for Moms to visit the nearest lactation clinic to get "support" breastfeeding the baby. Of lactation centers that Moms can learn how to correct feeding position. So while nursing your baby will not experience problems like sore nipples or other problems.



Involve Husband



Successful breastfeeding is quite influenced by the husband's role in supporting his wife. Lack of concern and caring husband and wife will make the feeling more relaxed which is important in order to stimulate the oxytocin reflex milk can flow. Husbands can get involved as a breastfeeding father in many ways like a wife concerned about nutrition for good quality milk, carrying the child before breast-fed, participated accompany his wife to wake up at night to feed the child, setting up the pillows so that his wife is more comfortable feeding position, massaging wife's feet while it is feeding the baby and so on. 
 
(Source: Mom & Kiddie)

Prevent Obesity In Baby with Exclusive Breastfeeding

Breast milk (milk) exclusively for six months can prevent the baby from the risk of obesity (overweight), child health expert said, dr. Sukman Tulus Putra.



"Exclusive breastfeeding helps control the growth of children better, compared with formula milk," he said, after a workshop themed "Early Nutrition and Health in Later Life", in Semarang.



According to former Chairman of the Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI), the milk is very rich in nutrients that are very important for the baby from an early age, because babies are not adequate nutritionally vulnerable to various diseases.



"There are so many diseases that can attack the baby's poor nutritional conditions, such as obesity to coronary heart disease. For that, give the baby breast milk exclusively for at least six months, "he said.



Sukman confirmed, exclusive breastfeeding is much better than formula milk for infant health, especially infant mortality rate per year is still quite high, reaching 32 per 1,000 live births.



Related workshops, he said as regular scientific meetings pediatricians, held every year with a variety of different themes, but the main theme remained at about the health problems of children.



He acknowledged the causes of infant death is a variety that was still high enough to date, but the cause of the most prominent was the lack of nutrients.



"Through this meeting, we hope our pediatricians can get new knowledge about the health of children and apply them, while helping the government reduce infant mortality," said Sukman.



Professor of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Medical Centre Amsterdam The Netherlands, Prof.. Hugo S. A, Heymans confirmed that as recommended by WHO, the milk given to infants at least until the age of six months.



If given the nutritional intake of milk formula, he said, usually the baby will grow faster development. However, this does not mean the growth of infants who were not given the nutrient intake of breast milk is good and reasonable.



In addition, he explains early breastfeeding can also affect immune from the risks of disease that may be suffered as the growth of the child's age, adolescence, adulthood and even later.



In front of the workshop participants who are the child's doctor, Heymans confirms the important role of pediatricians in early efforts to provide maximum nutrition for growing children can walk well and reasonable.

Want Smart Kids, Breastfeed!